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The German Empire consisted originally of 27, and later (as of 1876) 26 constituent states, the largest of which was Prussia. These states, or Staaten (or Bundesstaaten, i.e. federal states a naming deriving from the previous North German Confederation; they became known as Länder following the October reforms) each had votes in the Bundesrat, which gave them representation at a national level.

Several of these states had gained sovereignty following the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. Others were created as sovereign states after the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Territories were not necessarily contiguous, such as Bavaria, or Oldenburg—many existed in several parts (enclaves and exclaves), as a result of historical acquisitions, or, in several cases, divisions of the ruling family trees.

Kingdoms (Königreiche)Edit

Flag State Capital Admission Coat of Arms Location
Flag of Prussia 1892-1918 Prussia
(Königreich Preußen)
Berlin 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Grosses) Map-DR-Prussia 1919-1934
Flag of Bavaria (striped) Bavaria
(Königreich Bayern)
Munich 18 January 1871 Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Bavaria Map-DR-Bavaria 1918-1934
Flagge Königreich Sachsen (1815-1918) Saxony
(Königreich Sachsen)
Dresden 18 January, 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Sachsen (Grosses) 1 Map-DR-Saxony 1918-1934
Flagge Königreich Württemberg Württemberg
(Königreich Württemberg)
Stuttgart 18 January 1871 Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Württemberg, 1817 Map-DR-Württemberg 1918-1934

Grand Duchies (Großherzogtümer)Edit

Flag State Capital Admission Coat of Arms Location
Flag of Alsace (historical) Alsace-Lorraine
(Großherzogtum Elsaß-Lothringen)
Straßburg 10 May 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Elsass-Lothringen (Klein) Map-DR-Alsace-Lorraine 1919-1934
Flagge Großherzogtum Baden (1891-1918) Baden
(Großherzogtum Baden)
Karlsruhe 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Grossherzogtum Baden Map-DR-Baden 1919-1934
Flagge Großherzogtum Hessen ohne Wappen Hesse
(Großherzogtum Hessen und bei Rhein)
Darmstadt 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Grossherzogtum Hessen-LF Map-DR-Hesse 1918-1934
Flag of Luxembourg (3-2) Luxemburg
(Großherzogtum Luxemburg)
Luxemburg 28 September 1919 Greater coat of arms of the grand-duchy of Luxembourg Map-DR-Luxemburg 1918-1934
Flagge Großherzogtümer Mecklenburg Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(Großherzogtum Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
Schwerin 18 January 1871 Wappen Mecklenburg-Schwerin Map-DR-Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1918-1934
Flagge Großherzogtümer Mecklenburg Mecklenburg-Strelitz
(GroßHerzogtum Mecklenburg-Strelitz)
Neustrelitz 18 January 1871 Grossherzogswappen Mecklenburg (Schwerin&Strelitz) Map-DR-Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1918-1934
Civil flag of Oldenburg Oldenburg
(GroßHerzogtum Oldenburg)
Oldenburg 18 January 1871 Coats of arms Grand Duché d Oldenbourg Map-DR-Oldenburg 1918-1934
Flag of Thuringia Thuringia
(Großherzogtum Thüringen)
Weimar 1920 Vollwappen Wettiner Landgraf Albrecht 1265 CV Map of Thuringia 1919-1934

Duchies (Herzogtümer)Edit

Flag State Capital Admission Coat of Arms Location
Flagge Herzogtum Anhalt Anhalt
(Herzogtum Anhalt)
Dessau 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Herzogtum Anhalt (Großes) Map-DR-Anhalt 1919-1934
Flagge Herzogtum Braunschweig Brunswick
(Herzogtum Braunschweig)
Braunschweig 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Herzogtum Braunschweig (Grosses) Map-DR-Brunswick 1919-1934

Principalities (Fürstentümer)Edit

Flag State Capital Admission Coat of Arms Location
Flagge Fürstentum Lippe Lippe
(Fürstentum Lippe)
Detmold 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Fürstentum Lippe Map-DR-Lippe 1919-1934
Flagge Fürstentum Schaumburg-Lippe Schaumburg-Lippe
(Fürstentum Schaumburg-Lippe)
Bückeburg 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Fürstentum Schaumburg-Lippe Map-DR-Schaumburg-Lippe 1919-1934
Flag of Waldeck before 1830 Waldeck-Pyrmont
(Fürstentum Waldeck und Pyrmont)
Arolsen 18 January 1871 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Fürstentum Waldeck und Pyrmont Map-DR-Waldeck-Pyrmont 1919-1934

Free Hanseatic cities (Freie Hansestädte)Edit

See also Edit