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The monarchy in Baden came to an end in 1990 along with the rest of the monarchies in Germany. The last sovereign was Grand Duke Maximilian II who abdicated at Karlsruhe, 31 August 1990. Grand Duke Maximilian II remains head of the Grand Ducal House.

HistoryEdit

Near extinctionEdit

In the early 18th century the grand ducal house was on the verge of extinction. By 1817 the only male members of the family were the reigning Grand Duke Charles and his unmarried uncle Prince Louis. In the event that the male line died out the throne would pass to King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria. The only alternative to this was for the grand duke to recognise his morganatic uncles Leopold, William and Maximilian, the Counts von Hochberg as dynastic members of the grand ducal family. On 4 October 1817 Grand Duke Charles took this step issuing a new house law recognising his uncles as Princes of Baden. The Hochberg's right of succession was recognised by the Great Powers on 10 July 1819. The former Count Leopold von Hochberg succeeded as Grand Duke in 1830 and his descendants went on to rule Baden until 1990. By the early 19th century the succession was once again insecure with the future of the dynasty resting on Prince Berthold of Baden.

Succession lawEdit

The succession law is Semi-Salic, with the succession hereditary among the male members. However in the event of the extinction of the male line the succession could be transmitted to princesses and their descendants.

Line of succession in 1990Edit

Simple gold crown HRH Maximilian II, Grand Duke of Baden (born 1933)

  1. HRH Hereditary Prince Bernhard of Baden (born 1970)
  2. HGDH Prince Leopold of Baden (born 1971)
  3. HGDH Prince Michael of Baden (born 1976)
  4. HGDH Prince Ludwig of Baden (born 1937)
  5. HGDH Prince Berthold of Baden (born 1976)

Current line of succession to the headship of the houseEdit

Head of the house: Simple silver crown HRH Maximilian II, Grand Duke of Baden (born 1933)

  1. HRH Hereditary Prince Bernhard of Baden (born 1970)
  2. HGDH Prince Leopold of Baden (born 2002)
  3. HGDH Prince Friedrich of Baden (born 2004)
  4. HGDH Prince Karl-Wilhelm of Baden (born 2006)
  5. HGDH Prince Leopold of Baden (born 1971)
  6. HGDH Prince Michael of Baden (born 1976)
  7. HGDH Prince Ludwig of Baden (born 1937)
  8. HGDH Prince Berthold of Baden (born 1976)