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Kingdom of Prussia
Königreich Preußen
State of the German Confederation
(partly, 1815–1866)
State of the North German Confederation
(1867–1871)
State of the German Empire and Nazi Germany (1871–1990)
1701–1990
Flag of Prussia 1892-1918.svg Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Grosses).png
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Gott mit uns
"God is with us"
Anthem
Preußenlied
Song of Prussia
Map-DR-Prussia 1919-1934.png
The Kingdom of Prussia (dark red) at its greatest extent, after the World War I.
Capital Berlin
Languages German
Religion Lutheranism
Roman Catholic
Government Monarchy
(Absolute before 1848;
 Constitutional from 1848)
King
 •  1701–1713 Frederick I (first)
Louis Ferdinand (last)
Minister-President
 • 1848 Adolf Heinrich (first)
 • 1989–1990 Helmut Kohl (last)
Legislature Landtag
 •  Upper house Herrenhaus
 •  Lower house Abgeordnetenhaus
Historical era New Imperialism/World War I
 •  Coronation of Frederick I 18 January 1701
 • Battle of Jena-Auerstedt 14 October 1806
 • Congress of Vienna 9 June 1815
 • Constitution adopted 5 December 1848
 • Germany unified 18 January 1871
 • Preußenschlag 20 July 1932
 •  Louis Ferdinand abdicates 5 April 1990
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806).svg Holy Roman Empire
Flag of Brandenburg (1660–1750).svg Brandenburg-Prussia
Flag.svg Royal Prussia
Gdansk flag.svg Free City of Danzig
Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg Swedish Pomerania
Flag of Hesse.svg Electorate of Hesse
Flagge der Freien Stadt Frankfurt.png Free City of Frankfurt
Flagge Herzogtum Nassau (1806-1866).svg Duchy of Nassau
Flag of Hanover 1837-1866.svg Kingdom of Hanover
Flag of Denmark.svg Duchy of Holstein
Flag of Denmark.svg Duchy of Schleswig
Flag of Lauenburg.svg Saxe-Lauenburg
Free State of Prussia Flag of the republic of prussia by tiltschmaster-d6xsgrw.png
Today part of Flag of Denmark Denmark
Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of Poland Poland

The Kingdom of Prussia (de: Königreich Preußen) was a kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1990 and included parts of present-day Germany, Poland and Denmark. It was the driving force behind the unification of Germany in 1871, and was the leading state of the German Empire until the Preußenschlag in 1932. Although it took its name from the region called Prussia, it was based in Brandenburg, where its capital was Berlin.

The kings of Prussia were Hohenzollerns. Prussia was a great power from the time it became a kingdom, through its predecessor, Brandenburg-Prussia, which became a military power under Frederick William, known as "The Great Elector".

Prussia continued its reign of power under the guidance of Frederick II (Frederick the Great), the third son of Frederick William I of Prussia. Frederick the Great was credited for starting the Seven Years' War, holding his own against Austria, Russia, France and Sweden and establishing Prussia’s role in the German states, as well as establishing the country as a European great power. After the might of Prussia was revealed it became a major power for the German states. Throughout the next hundred years they went on to win many battles for the German states. It was because of their power that they continuously tried to unify all the German states under their rule. After the Napoleonic wars the issue of unifying Germany into one country caused revolution throughout the German states each wanting their own constitution. Prussia tried once unsuccessfully to unify German states and end the fighting. The first was called the North German Confederation lasted from 1867-1871 and included many but not all of the German states. It was seen as more of an alliance of military strength in the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War but many of its laws were later used in the German empire. The German Empire lasted from 1871-1933 and was the successful unification of all the German states under Prussian power. This was due to the defeat of Napoleon III in the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-1871. The war united all the German states against a common enemy, and with the victory came an overwhelming wave of patriotism which changed the opinions of those against unification. In 1871, Germany unified into a single country with Prussia the dominant power. Prussia is considered the legal predecessor of the unified German Reich and as such a direct ancestor of today's German Republic. The formal abolition of Prussia, carried out on 25 February 1947 by the fiat of the Allied Control Council referred to an alleged tradition of the kingdom as a bearer of militarism and reaction, and made way for the current setup of the German states. However, in the aftermath of the World War, the kingdom was a major democratic force in Germany until the nationalist coup of 1932 known as the Preußenschlag. De jure the monarchy existed under the Nazi government until the abdication of King Louis Ferdinand in April 1990.

History Edit