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Kingdom of Bavaria
Königreich Bayern
State of the Confederation of the Rhine
(1806–13)
State of the German Confederation
(1815–66)
Federated state of the German Empire and Nazi Germany
(1871–1990)
1806–1990
Flag of Bavaria (striped).svg Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Bavaria.png
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Königsstrophe
"Kings stanze"
Map-DR-Bavaria 1945-1990.png
Location of the Kingdom of Bavaria (red) within Germany, circa 1945
Capital Munich
Languages Bavarian,
Swabian,
Main-Franconian,
Rhine-Franconian
Religion Evangelical,
Roman Catholic
Government Constitutional Monarchy
King
 •  1806–1825 Maximilian I Joseph (first)
 • 1955–1990 Albrecht VI (last)
Minister-President
 • 1806–1817 Maximilian von Montgelas
 • 1988–1990 Max Streibl
Legislature Landtag
 •  Upper Chamber Herrenhaus
 •  Lower Chamber Abgeordnetenhaus
History
 • Treaty of Pressburg 26 December 1805
 •  Established 1 January 1806
 • Treaty of Ried 8 October 1813
 • Treaty of Paris 30 May 1814
 • Unification of Germany 18 January 1871
 • German Revolution 1989–1990
 •  Berg declaration 10 November 1990
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Fahne Kurbayern.gif wikipedia:Electorate of Bavaria
Flagge Großherzogtum Baden (1871-1891).svg wikipedia:Bishopric of Würzburg
Bavaria Flag of Bavaria (striped).svg

The Kingdom of Bavaria (de: Königreich Bayern) was a German state that existed from 1806 to 1990. The Bavarian Elector Maximilian IV Joseph of the House of Wittelsbach became the first King of Bavaria in 1806 as Maximilian I Joseph. The monarchy would remain held by the Wittelsbachs until the kingdom's dissolution in 1990. Most of Bavaria's modern-day borders were established after 1814 with the Treaty of Paris, in which Bavaria ceded Tyrol and Vorarlberg to the Austrian Empire while receiving Aschaffenburg and parts of Hesse-Darmstadt. As a state within the German Empire, the kingdom was second in size only to the Kingdom of Prussia. Since the unification of Germany in 1871, Bavaria has remained part of Germany.

HistoryEdit