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Grand Duchy of Livonia
Livonijas lielkņaziste (lv)
Suurhertsogiriigi Liivimaa (et)
Großherzogtum Livland (de)
Vassal state of Germany
1918–1941
United Baltic Duchy flag.svg Coat of arms united baltic duchy napoleonic by tiltschmaster-d7jukdd.png
Flag Coat of arms
Livonia 1922.png
The United Baltic Duchy in 1922.
Capital Riga
Languages German, Latvian,
Livonian, Estonian
Religion Lutheran, Roman Catholic
Government Monarchy
Grand Duke
 •  1918–1941 Adolf Friedrich
Legislature Diet
History
 •  Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 3 March 1918
 • Union formed 5 November 1918
 •  Courland Pocket formed 15 January 1941
Currency Rublis
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Livonian colours.svg wikipedia:Governorate of Livonia
Eestimaa värvid.svg wikipedia:Autonomous Governorate of Estonia
Duchy of Latvia Flag of Latvia.svg
Estonia Flag of Estonia.svg
Today part of Flag of Latvia Latvia
Flag of Estonia Estonia
Demonym: Livonian